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Bulgarian public sex

The analyses employed a unique longitudinal data set covering the entire population of Bulgaria from the census of until bulgarian The excess applies to nearly every cause of death examined and is not entirely explained by the adverse location of Roma on social and economic variables.

For young men, Muslim mortality is substantially lower than that of non-Muslims when socioeconomic outsidegirls pussy are controlled. For older Muslim women, a significant mortality disadvantage remains after controls are imposed.

Ethnic and religious differentials in Bulgarian mortality, 1993–98

Suicide mortality is lower for Muslims than for Christian groups of the same ethnicity. Consistent bulgarian deteriorating economic conditions over the study period, mortality was rising, particularly for women.

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Ethnic and religious minority groups in Bulgaria and other Eastern European countries are understudied, despite their century-long presence and their increasing relevance for shaping demographic processes in the region. Specifically, limited knowledge exists about their health characteristics and mortality experience and how these compare with patterns and trends observed for the majority populations in these countries.


In the analysis reported here we examined the health conditions of ethnic and religious groups in Bulgaria during the period of economic and social restructuring in the s. Using a unique longitudinal micro dataset covering the entire population of Bulgaria during —98, the aim of our analysis was to document mortality patterns during this period, providing the first reliable life table measures and cause-specific mortality indicators according to ethnicity and religion.

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During the past two decades, debates about the sources and causes of the observed health deterioration in most Eastern European countries kitty jung hard Bulgaria, have been dominated by two main—but not public exclusive—explanatory approaches. Economically-oriented interpretations of mortality variation cite sex deprivation, limited access to health care, or worsening living conditions as primary causes for the observed mortality increase during the s in Central and Eastern Europe Delcheva et al.

The economic setbacks in Bulgaria during this period provide an outstanding opportunity to examine mortality conditions under material adversity. Real income per head in Bulgaria fell from public index of in to sex